Intelligent agricultural production system first depends on the perception technology of the Internet of Things. The premise of this technology is the establishment of modern agricultural facilities, including intelligent control facilities and perception facilities. Take the greenhouse scene as an example, the intelligent control facilities of the greenhouse are collectively referred to as electric shading system, electric roof-opening window, fan, wet curtain, light-supplementing system, irrigation system, etc. The greenhouse sensing system includes a variety of digital antennae, such as automatic cameras and sensors. Cameras are responsible for taking photos. Different kinds of sensors detect various environmental elements in the greenhouse. Configured sensors include carbon dioxide sensor, temperature and humidity sensor, light sensor, water quality sensor, plant physiological data sensor, etc.